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Hazard Prevention and Control

Hazard prevention and control (HP&C) is the 3rd OSHA VPP element, focused on preventing, correcting, and controlling hazards and risk identified in the WSA element of OSHA VPP using the hierarchy of controls. The hierarchy of controls helps organization determine the best methods for protecting employees from hazards and risks. It ranks controls from most effective to least effective using elimination, substitution, engineering controls, administrative controls, and personal protective equipment (PPE), as a last resort.

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HP&C ensures the organization has:

  • A disciplinary system enforced equally for all employees, including leaders, supervisors, and managers
  • An occupational health care program appropriate for the organization, including accessibility to medical services, physician care, first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and hazard analysis by licensed health care professionals
  • A written preventive/predictive maintenance system that reduces safety-critical equipment failures and schedules routine maintenance and monitoring
  • A system for initiating and tracking hazard correction. The system should include documentation of how and when hazards are identified, controlled or eliminated, and communicated to employees
  • Written emergency response plans including first aid, medical care, emergency egress, PPE, emergency telephone numbers, annual evacuation drills.